Research and essays about social, political and economic change
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General and multi-topics
Repositories where you can find open access research

Basic Demographics, part 1. Population

The UN has various population reports. See the Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division.   They have a bunch of Demographic Facts and Expert Papers.

 including this:

State of the world population   from UN population fund.  2012 report is about family planning, human rights and development.

Demographic Research   published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. "Demographic Research publishes demographic research and related material from the full range of disciplines that bear on demography"

The Center for Global Development has a population section   with papers

Asian Metacentre research papers      has a lot of papers about various population topics, mainly about pop change in Asia, causes and consequences. Click on publications or on research.

Rand has a section on population   Some of the reports are free. One example is "How Demographic Trends Will Change the World Through 2050" from 2011.

Yale Global Online has a summary "For Better Planning, Watch Global Demographic Trends"   from December 2012

Population   by Ronald Demos Lee. From the Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. Overview of past trends but also overview of population and development.

We have a brief discussion of some population data availability issues here     

Basic Demographics, part 2. Mortality
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WHO Health Statistics at  including mortality data, cause of death, by region, income level.

WHO also has this report on chronic disease   and media release   that says the leading cause of death is chronic disease.

Who Tobacco page   has a 2011 report, WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2011: warning about the dangers of tobacco   that says smoking is the leading cause of preventable death.

Who Needs Cause-of-Death Data   the journal home page is actually   PLoS Med 4(11): e333, Nov 2007. Article by Peter Byass.  The article is  This article says more than one half of all world deaths are undocumented for causes, but we need to know so we can do correct health planning. Talks about a couple of new approaches.

Counting the dead and what they died from: an assessment of the global status of cause of death data.  Colin D. Mathers, Doris Ma Fat, Mie Inoue, Chalapati Rao, & Alan D. Lopez   Bulletin of the World Health Organization,  Volume 83: 2005.
    Reference for the above paper. Mathers et al conclude "Few countries have good-quality data on mortality that can be used to adequately support policy development and implementation."

Availability and quality of cause-of-death data for estimating the global burden of injuries, Kavi Bhalla, James E Harrison, Saeid Shahraz, Lois A Fingerhut & on behalf of the Global Burden of Disease Injury Expert Group.  Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2010;88:831-838C.    If I understand this article correctly, it talks about death registration data available in the WHO database. It says that only 28% of the world population is represented. Some regions in Asia only had 15% of the population represented, and Data from sub-Saharan Africa were available for only one country (South Africa).  . 

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Overview of globalization  

Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network   GaWC was initially set up as a vehicle for organising world city research at Loughborough University. It is in the process of developing and expanding into a teaching resource and a site of interest for those working in advanced city services in both the private and public sectors.

Center for the Study of Globalization and Regionalization Working Paper Series:    See research and then working papers. Many papers about globalization, some on specific topics, some more general, for example two papers from 2002 are Democratisation in East Asia, and Explaining systemic change: The political economy of post-communist transformations.  Two papers from 1999 are Approaching the Global Polity by Morten Ougaard, and Global Civil Society: Changing the World? by Jan Aart Scholte.

Global Transformations   "Polity Global Transformations text-site, devised by David Held and Anthony McGrew.  On  these pages you will find a whole host of information on globalization, including: researching globalization, globalization, interviews, links to sites of related interest,  an executive summary of the key features of globalization."

Can There be a Global Society?    paper by Amitai Etzioni (#409), very brief review of some issues, e.g., definition of society, will global society require global state. Other papers of interest are there too.

Center for global studies   some interesting on line publications.  Click on publications, then search for the term "globalization"

IMF page on globalization   .


Sites about changes in political systems, eg, democracy, communism, conflict
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Transparency International has a bunch of reports   such as The Global Corruption Report. This report  provides an overview of 'the state of corruption' around the globe.  This is from Transparency International (TI). Also reports about global corruption perception, and others

Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University    see the Proceedings of International Symposia, some of which are available on line. The 2001 is    Transformation and Diversification of Rural Societies in Eastern Europe and Russia, and the 1999 is "Russian Regions: Economic Growth and Environment". The 2003 is  "Democracy and Market Economics in Central and Eastern Europe."

Patterns of Diffusion in the Third Wave of Democracy   by Coppedge and Brinks.  They trace out patterns of diffusion of democracy.  Among other results, they find support for a pattern of diffusion in which countries tend to become more like their immediate geographic neighbors.  Also see his class page as of October 2004 for this chapter, Defining and Measuring Democracy

Transforming Post-Communist Political Economies   Published by National Academy Press, 1998.  Joan M. Nelson, Charles Tilly, and Lee Walker, Editors; Task Force on Economies in Transition, National Research Council.  1998.  You can download entire book or chapters.  "This ground-breaking new volume focuses on the interaction between political, social, and economic change in Central and Eastern Europe and the New Independent States. It includes a wide selection of analytic papers, thought-provoking essays by leading scholars in diverse fields, and an agenda for future research.".
   Read our review here.   (and then click back to return to this page)

Center for the study of democracy   Their papers are here   A search for democracy returns papers like "Can Western Democracy Models be institutionalized in Africa? Reviewing Contemporary Problems and Prospects" Ezeanyika, Ezeanyika S. Ufahamu: A Journal of African Studies 36:2, 2011, and "Democratic Quality in Stable Democracies" Lijphart, Arend, Society (1936-4725) 48:1, 2011

University of California International and Area Studies digital collection  couple of on line books about political change, such as Chinese Religiosities: Afflictions of Modernity and State Formation.Yang, Mayfair Mei-hui, 2008

Freedom, Democracy, Peace; Power, Democide, and War   "Through theoretical analysis, historical case studies, empirical data, and quantitative analyses, this web site shows that ... Freedom is an engine of economic and human development, and scientific and technological advancement. ...  Freedom ameliorates the problem of mass poverty."  and other research about democracy and democide.
   In particular, these two pages summarize his core ideas and research.
    POWER KILLS: Democracy as a Method of Nonviolence  
    Saving Lives, Enriching Life: Freedom as a Right And a Moral Good   

New York Democracy Forum   these are video's of talks. Especially has a talk, "Do We Really Know How to Promote Democracy?" by Francis Fukuyama, Bernard L. Schwartz Professor of International Political Economy at the Johns Hopkins University's Nitze School of Advanced International Studies. Pdf's of the talks are also available.

The Roots of Democracy   By Carles Boix, professor of political science at the University of Chicago. This article is in  Hoover Institutions Policy Review, Feb/March 2006. "Finally, short of the path of economic modernization, democracy can be established only through radical and violent change imposed from abroad. ... To be sustainable, it needs considerable resources, exceptional resoluteness, and, therefore, broad consensus at home. Without generalized support, it ends up in failure."

Heidelberg Institute on International Conflict Research   has the Conflict Barometer reports showing conditions and trends in conflict.

Journal of Democracy    Some articles are on line for free, varies from time to time. 

“State Building and Democratization in Sub-Saharan Africa: Forwards, Backwards, or Together?”   Bratton, Michael, and Eric Chang. Also in Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 39, No. 9, 1059-1083 (2006),   Working paper available here,  at Dr. Chang's home page. The key idea is "the establishment of a rule of law—as experienced through improvements in personal security and the popular perception that leaders respect the constitution—is critical to building democracy."

Democracy and Human Development   but I get a tracker pop up when I go to this page.   Past history of democracy improves human development.  This paper is by John Gerring, Rodrigo Alfaro and Strom C. Thacker, all of whom have additional interesting papers on their sites.

Gerardo Munck   has a number of papers about democracy.  See the Research and Publications section. One example is “Democratic Transitions,”

The Berghof Research Center for Constructive Conflict Management   especially of interest is their Berghof Handbook for Conflict Transformation   with many interesting chapters, such as  The Civilisation of Conflict: Constructive Pacifism as a Guiding Notion for Conflict Transformation and Assessing the State-of-the-Art in Conflict Transformation  and many more.

Measuring democracy and related

Measuring Democracy, Evaluating Alternatives. Gerardo Munck and Jay Verkuilen.   also a lot of other papers.  Another paper is “Monitoring Democracy: Deepening an Emerging Consensus.”

Kaufmann, Daniel, Kraay, Aart and Mastruzzi, Massimo, The Worldwide Governance Indicators: Methodology and Analytical Issues (September 2010). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5430. Available at SSRN:    

Look at one use of gapminder   looking at the relationship between human rights and other variables

Conflict and Security Indices: A Summary of Open-Source Data   this 2008 paper by Pavlovic, Nada J. ; Blackler, Kristen ; Mandel, David R. reviews a bunch of measures of conflict and security indicators.

“Conceptualizing and Measuring Democracy: A New Approach,”   Perspectives on Politics 9, 2 (June 2011), p. 247-267. Matthew Kroenig, Michael Coppedge and John Gerring, et al.

Research about economics

There is a great deal of research about economic growth.  This page only lists some, focusing on large scale or long term. Also some sites about other aspects of economics.
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UN, World Bank, IMF

Latest publications from the Department of Economic and Social Affairs   from   United Nations, including Report on the World Social Situation  , the Millennium Development Goals Report, and others.
The 2011 report is  The Global Social Crisis  
The 2010 report is "Rethinking Poverty"  

The UN also has the WIDER   United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research. A lot of their papers and reports are free. According to their site, their goals are

IMF research page   has world economic outlook, annual reports   

Raising Growth and Investment in Sub-Saharan Africa - What Can be Done?   The paper is an IMF Policy Discussion Paper, listed here   then search for title.   

Finance & Development   From IMF. A recent issue (March 2006) has articles about 'rethinking growth', and 'Globalization at Work', an article about global employment trends.

World Bank's Economic growth research   here     
  Also see the world bank site about poverty in the world  
  Prospects for the Global Economy  
A note about World Bank websites. Their URLs always seem to be incomprehensible very long strings. I'm not going to list them, I'll just link and say "here".

Papers by Branko Milanovic   here   a lot of papers about inequality.


Papers by Angus Deaton   includes "Income, aging, health and wellbeing around the world: Evidence from the Gallup World Poll",  "Global patterns of income and health: facts, interpretations, and policies" and "Measuring Poverty", and others.

Hasan, Lubna (2006): Myths and Realities of Long-run Development: A Look at Deeper Determinants. Forthcoming in: The Pakistan Development Review 1 46 (2007)    Looks at deeper determinants: geography and institutions. The paper "concludes in favour of the Institutions hypothesis as the Geography school does not provide a consistent story of long-run development."

Feige, Edgar L. and Urban, Ivica (2007): Measuring Underground (Unobserved, Non-Observed, Unrecorded) Economies in Transition Countries: Can We Trust GDP? Unpublished.   This paper compiles alternative estimates of underground economies in twenty five transition countries during the transition decade and finds a disturbing lack of convergence between them, calling into question the reliability of GDP figures (which in varying degrees now include non-transparent imputations for the “non-observed economy”) as well as the macro model estimates of the unrecorded economy.

Macroeconomic Challanges, the decade ahead.   from the Federal Reserve Banks of Kansas City, 2010.  Topics include "Evaluating the Global Economic Recovery", "Inflation Dynamics in the Decade Ahead" and more.

The Munich Personal RePEc Archive   has a bunch of papers on all sorts of econ topics, a few of which are listed below.

Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth   this section lists over 4,000 papers.

Sources of Growth   Audretsch, David.  This link is to the abstract.  "The purpose of this paper is to suggest that a fundamental shift in Europe, along with the other OECD countries, is taking place. This shift is from the managed economy to the entrepreneurial economy." Can get copy of paper here. The paper is from 1997

A lot more papers about many economic topics here   some on growth, like
Ngo, T-W.  Governing Rapid Growth in Asia: State-led Development in Historical Perspective, 10/16/09
Altomonte, C., Pennings, H.P.G. Productivity Growth and the Speed of Convergence of Domestic Firms, 1/1/08 
Krug, B., Hendrischke, H. Framing China: Transformation and Institutional Change, 6/30/06
Chad Jones paper Was an Industrial Revolution Inevitable? Economic Growth Over the Very Long Run   listed on his CV page  another paper is "Beyond GDP? Welfare across Countries and Time".

Global Research Project: Explaining Growth   comprehensive research project. Click on 'activities', then on 'global research projects'. Can't read the book here but can read some key points.

Growth, Income Distribution, and Poverty: A Review    "This paper reviews the recent literature dealing with the relationships between economic growth, income distribution, and poverty. This generally fails to find any systematic pattern of change in income distribution during recent decades. Neither does it find any systematic link from fast growth to increasing inequality."  Paper by Arne Bigsten and Jörgen Levin.

Economic Growth Resources   "These pages are designed as a resource for researchers studying economic growth"


Peterson Institute for International Economics   is a private, nonprofit, nonpartisan research institution devoted to the study of international economic policy

Center for Social and Demographic Analysis Working Papers.   see Does Economic Inequality Promote Economic Growth?  A Cross-National Time-Series Analysis  by Lawrence E. Raffalovich, University at Albany, SUNY.  Paper number 2000-6.  

Social Science Research Network Economic Growth papers   papers about econ growth.  For example,  How Robust Is The Relationship Between Economic Freedom And Economic Growth, JAN-EGBERT STURM and JAKOB DE HAAN.  and Structural Change and Economic Growth, JOHN LAITNER.  The working papers can be downloaded.  For accepted papers, you can only see the abstract.  But authors email addresses are listed.  Specific papers listed on this page are continuously updated.    

Papers on the Strategy of Reforms   see research / then 'reform strategies'. several papers analyzing the strategy of reform in transition countries" by peter murrell, including Evolution in Economics and in the Economic Reform of the Centrally Planned Economies and others

Jamus Jerome Lim's research page   especially see a couple of papers, Role of State and East Asia in the New Economy  

Determinants Of Economic Growth. Panel Data Approach. By: Edwin Dewan And Shajehan Hussein  see the working papers, it's Working Paper EDWP 2001-04.   from the Reserve Bank of Fiji.

Economic Freedom: The Path to African Prosperity    2003 paper by Brett Schaefer.

CREDIT (Centre for Research in Economic Development and International Trade)    see their research page with research such as Urbanization, Urban Concentration and Economic Growth in Developing Countries, Why Do Rates of Convergence Differ? A Meta-Regression Analysis. (About this question: Do poorer countries grow faster than richer ones and, if so, at what rate is the disparity in income between rich and poor countries narrowing over time?), Economic Growth and Income Inequality and Trade Liberalisation and Poverty: The Empirical Evidence.

Economic Freedom and Growth:Decomposing the Effects    These papers are from Scandinavian Working papers in economics  from Gotenborg University, see

The Centre for the Study of Living Standards   has this paper  “Measuring the Impact of Research on Well-being: A Survey of Indicators of Well-being”.  This includes a review of international measures of well being.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)   has a great number of working papers of interest.  Some examples are "Economic Satisfaction and Income Rank in Small Neighbourhoods" and "Does Relative Income Matter for the Very Poor? Evidence from Rural Ethiopia"

Cato Journal, An Interdisciplinary Journal of Public Policy Analysis   see a Winter 2013 article   Economic Freedom and Financial Development: International Evidence, By R.W. Hafer which concludes that "finds that countries with higher levels of initial economic freedom, on average, exhibit greater levels of financial intermediary development in subsequent years. If greater financial intermediary development engenders faster economic growth, the results of this study explain, at least partially, the observed link between economic freedom and economic growth."

Another paper is this: Economic Freedom and Happiness. By Daniel M. Gropper, Robert A. Lawson and Jere T. Thorne Jr.   that concludes that more freedom is related to more happiness.

Some earlier studies include these. Volume 22 Number 3, Winter 2003 for a couple of papers, such as Abdiweli M. Ali and Hoden Said Isse. "Determinants of Economic Corruption: A Cross-Country Comparison" and John A. Tures, "Economic Freedom and Conflict Reduction: Evidence from the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s." See these issues, Volume 25 Number 3, Fall 2005, Volume 24 Number 3, Fall 2004, with some articles about how development happens, institutions and development, and other issues.

Romain Wacziarg's research    includes papers such as How Democracy Affects Growth, and The Diffusion of Development. Also includes Review of Easterly's “The Elusive Quest for Growth”.  

Site about changes in society
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World Values Survey   This site describes world values survey.  "This series is designed to enable a cross national comparison of values and norms on a wide variety of topics and to monitor changes in values and attitudes across the globe."  The survey included questions about topics such as economy, politics, work, personal finances, confidence in civil and governmental institutions, and a lot of other questions.   Here is a report about happiness in the world   says happiness is related to democracy and wealthier countries.


Democracy, Economy, and Values: Estimating a Recursive System.  by RJ Franzese, R Inglehart, SD Ehrlich, listed at    One of the papers from the World Value Survey, describing some research about Democracy, Economy and Values as a dynamic system.  A lot of this paper seems to be about data, but some results as well.  This is included in my review page.  The paper is listed near the bottom of the page.  Also see material from Macroeconomic Policies of Developed Democracies.

Dr. Ed Diener's site   look at Guidelines for National Indicators of Subjective Well-Being and Ill-Being (click on "research" and it's listed there. Also look at his faq page  

Measuring Subjective Wellbeing: A Summary Review of the Literature by Pedro Conceição and Romina Bandura,    May 2008

The Freedom House has a bunch of reports   like The Press Freedom Survey, Freedom on the Net, etc

"From Oshin  to Beautiful Life : A Study of Japanese Television Dramas in Singapore,"  listed at     shows the growth of japanese tv shows in singapore. By Ng Wai Ming. Many other publications available as well.

International Journal on Multicultural Societies (IJMS).   A recent issue (Feb 2004) was about Multilingualism on the Internet.  Another more recent issue is Democracy and Power-sharing in Multi-National States, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2006.

ESRC Centre for Research on Socio-Cultural Change (CRESC)    has some papers such as "Social Movements and Social Change" and others.  More to come. The purpose of the centre is to "develop a broad, empirically focused account of cultural change and its economic, social and political implications".

FAO has two reports of interest
SOFA: The State of Food and Agriculture   in 2005 this was "Agricultural trade and poverty: Can trade work for the poor?"

The state of food insecurity in the world    in 2005 this was "Eradicating world hunger - Key to achieving the Millennium Development Goals". In 2006, it was "Eradicating world hunger - taking stock ten years after the World Food Summit"

WORLD DATABASE OF HAPPINESS   This is "an ongoing register of scientific research on subjective appreciation of life. It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for meta-analytical studies."  Has a bibliography by subject of research about happiness.  Also links to the journal Journal of Happiness Studies. In January 2010, I could see the articles.  See the journals page of this website.  For Dr. Veenhoven's research see   click on publications

Happiness the World Over   article by Rita Simon and Andrew Bennett.  Not free but says happiness is related to many material factors of life.

This paper is listed above in the economics section. Economic Freedom and Happiness. By Daniel M. Gropper, Robert A. Lawson and Jere T. Thorne Jr.   that concludes that more freedom is related to more happiness.

AU Press   has a variety of books, including
    Sociocultural Systems: Principles of Structure and Change.Frank W. Elwell   July 2013
    Social Democracy After the Cold War. edited by Bryan Evans and Ingo Schmidt   June 2012

Stockholm Research Reports in Demography   has many reports focusing on families. Some on broader issues. One 2014 paper is by Clark, William, Eva Anderson, Bo Malmberg and John Östh, "Segregation and De-segregation in Metropolitan Contexts: Los Angeles as a Paradigm for a Changing Ethnic World"

Families and Society   "What will families look like in the future? Are existing social- and family policies compatible with changes in family patterns?"  Working papers are available, and abstracts of papers.

World Happiness Report   can download reports from several years. The website doesn't say who organized/produced this, except at the bottom of a couple of pages it says "The Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) was commissioned by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in 2012 to mobilize scientific and technical expertise from academia, civil society, and the private sector to support practical problem solving for sustainable development at local, national, and global scales." However, Columbia's Earth Institute seems to be involved:  

Institute for Research on Happiness   I think they have research papers

Technology change
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Also see our page on Future   some of the reports address technological change


IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios    One main interest in this book is Chapter 3: Scenario Driving Forces,   because this has tables on world and regional change in population, GDP growth, energy use, and other data, and reviews of growth.
The Global Technology Revolution 2020, Bio/Nano/Materials/Information Trends, Drivers, Barriers, and Social Implications   (2006) "In 2020, areas of particular importance for technology trends will include biotechnology, nanotechnology, materials technology, and information technology."  Which countries will be able to do these innovations, and which won't.

Science and Technology and the Future Development of Societies: International Workshop Proceedings:    a bunch of scientists were gathered "to discuss issues concerning the role of science in the development of modern societies."


Klare, Michael. The Race For What's Left. The Global Scramble for the World's Last Resources. 2012. 
See a book review,  
Listen to a youtube audio interview   
and watch his talk   and a little more complete   (skip the first 5 minutes)
Professor Klare is Five College professor of peace and world security studies, and director of the Five College Program in Peace and World Security Studies (PAWSS)  


Broadband Penetration Over Time: Data Visualisation with Google Motion Chart, Gapminder and Excel    interesting visualization of change in broadband.

The Global Course of the Information Revolution: Recurring Themes and Regional Variations, Richard O. Hundley, Robert H. Anderson, Tora K. Bikson, C. Richard Neu, MR-1680-NIC, 2003 (Full Text). Projects the impact of information technology and the "information revolution" on areas across the globe for the next 10 to 15 years.   

The Information Revolution in Asia, Nina Hachigian and Lily Wu, MR-1719-NIC, 2003  (Full Text). This report discusses the information revolution in Asia and its likely course over the next five to ten years.   

The Information Revolution in the Middle East and North Africa, Grey Burkhart and Susan Older, MR-1653-NIC, 2003 (Full Text). Explores the future of the information revolution in the countries of the Middle East and North Africa.  

Globalization, Transnational Communication and the Internet   from the  International Journal on Multicultural Societies (IJMS).  Feb 2004.

Computers and Social Change    by Judith Perrolle, social impact of computers, etc.

General reports on change, multi topic

How Was Life? Global Well-being since 1820: Global Well-being since 1820. Editors    van Zanden Jan Luiten, Baten Joerg, Mira d’Ercole Marco, Rijpma Auke, Timmer Marcel
OECD Publishing, 2014  
See chapter summaries here   

Society at a glance   Overviews and indicators of social progress.

NOVA World in the Balance   interviews, demonstrations, essays, etc., on changing world topics.

USAID has a whole lot of reports    on a while bunch of topics like those mentioned above. Go to 'our work' or 'locations'. Some other reports are "Democracy and Governance: A Conceptual Framework", "Handbook of Democracy and Governance Program Indicators", and so many more.

Beyond Economic Growth    "This book is designed to help readers broaden their knowledge of global issues, gain insight into their country's situation in the global context, and understand the problems of sustainable development."  There are chapters on development, world population growth, economic development, income inequality, poverty, education, health and longevity, urbanization, globalization, foreign aid, and climate change.  Also includes data tables.

global issues    brief summaries of bunches of world change topics, such as poverty, free trade and globalization, human rights, population, global warming, geopolitics, along with links.  Kind of like our social change site.

International Labor Organization   has free on line books, articles, etc.. Some books include The new offshoring of jobs and global development by Gary Gereffi and Civil Society, Participatory Governance and Decent Work Objectives: The case of South Africa by Konstantinos Papadakis, among others.

Rand's International topics page   has such reports as From Insurgency to Stability: Volume II: Insights from Selected Case Studies (September 7, 2011) and China and India: The Asian Giants are Heading Down Different Demographic Paths (August 22, 2011).

ESCAP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific has this page of reports   some of which may be of interest.

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Global demographic trends and future carbon emissions. Brian C. O'Neill, Michael Dalton, Regina Fuchs, Leiwen Jiang, Shonali Pachauri, and Katarina Zigova. PNAS October 12, 2010 vol. 107 no. 41 17521-17526   "We carry out a comprehensive assessment of the implications of demographic change for global emissions of carbon dioxide. Using an energy–economic growth model that accounts for a range of demographic dynamics, we show that slowing population growth could provide 16–29% of the emissions reductions suggested to be necessary by 2050 to avoid dangerous climate change."

Relationship among health, politics, economy, etc

Structure, (governance) and health: an unsolicited response.   Daniel D Reidpath and Pascale Allotey, BMC Int Health Hum Rights. 2006; 6: 12.   Governance was found to be significantly correlated with population health, as were GDP per capita, and access to improved water. They were also found to be significantly correlated with each other.

Repositories where you can search other repositories for open access research about social change topics

OpenDOAR   The Directory of Open Access Repositories

ROAR   Registry of Open Access Repositories

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